Women experience ovulation differently – some display a multitude of symptoms while other show no symptoms at all. Some women ovulate at the same time every month while others’ ovulation cycles vary month-to-month.
The symptoms listed below are common symptoms of ovulation. Many of these symptoms are commonly referred to as secondary symptoms, as many women will not experience any of these symptoms during ovulation.
Cramping and Ovulation Pain (Mittelschmerz)
Cramping, or ovulation pain is the most common symptom that women experience at the time of ovulation. Commonly referred to as Mittelschmerz, a German word that means pain in the middle of the body, cramping can be extremely uncomfortable and can persist for varying durations of time.
Women should remember that ovulation may not be comfortable, but it generally should not be painful. If you experience painful cramps during ovulation or your cramps are accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, fever, or dizziness, consult a doctor immediately or call 911 as it could be a sign that you have ovarian cysts or other health issues.
Breast Tenderness or Nipple Soreness
It is extremely common for women to experience breast tenderness and nipple soreness when ovulating. Women typically describe this feeling as heaviness or denseness in their breasts. Tenderness is not the same as chest pain. If you feel chest pain during ovulation, consult a doctor immediately or call 911 as you may be experiencing other health issues.
Hot Flashes or Night Sweats
Hot flashes and night sweats are not only a symptom of menopause – they’re also a symptom of ovulation (and pregnancy). Hot flashes and night sweats are not common symptoms of ovulation, but some women do report these symptoms. If you experience hot flashes or night sweats during ovulation, try to keep a bottle of water next to your bed so that you can stay hydrated.
Due to the temporary drop in hormones that causes the lining of the uterus to break down during ovulation, some women will release a small amount of blood. This is commonly referred to as light spotting.
Spike in Horniness
Some women report feeling more “horny” during ovulation. This is caused by an increase in libido that can result from ovulation. While this is not an extremely common symptom, medical professionals agree that ovulation produces a hormonal surge and this hormonal surge can certainly cause women to feel hornier during ovulation.
Change in Basal Body Temperature
Changes in the basal body temperature are considered to be the most reliable sign and symptom of ovulation by medical professionals. In fact, you can track their basal body temperature by taking your temperature at the same time every morning when you wake up. About 1-2 days before ovulation, basal body temperature generally drops. Once ovulation completes, basal body temperature will spike.
Ovulation usually happens in the middle of a woman’s cycle. This generally means that ovulation occurs 10-18 days before the start of your next period depending on the length and variation in timing of your cycle.
If you are taking any hormonal birth control pill (and using it as you are supposed to), you should not ovulate. Additionally, women do not ovulate during pregnancy.